How to Learn Japanese Hiragana Easily- For Tests, Exams, Classes, or General Interest
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How to Learn Japanese Hiragana Easily- For Tests, Exams, Classes, or General Interest

If you're trying to learn Japanese, Hiragana is the absolute best starting position for any new language learner. With this technique, you'll be able to learn Japanese Hiragana easily and quickly. Once you learn Hiragana all other parts of Japanese language will become much easier.

Learning Japanese Hiragana

Hiragana ??????can be considered the "ABC's" of the Japanese language. Learning Hiragana first and foremost is the key to being fluent in Japanese. 

Below are the characters for Hiragana. Don't be overwhelmed. It's actually easier than it looks.

Credit for this image goes to e-artjapan.com

On the top of the chart are the prefixes of each hirgana letter. On the right are the vowels. So for example, "?” is pronounced "KA". 

For the below exercises, write down the hiragana form of the word. 

Example:

  1. KA

ANSWER: ?

Exercise 1: "?????" (a, i, u, e, o)

AIUEO are the vowels of the Japanese language. They are pronounced linearly "ahhh, eeee, oooooo, ehhhhh, ohhhh".

Write down the following words:

  1. A
  2. Au
  3. Ai
  4. Oii
  5. Ie
  6. Oa
  7. eei
  8. aii

Answers:

  1. ?
  2. ??
  3. ??
  4. ???
  5. ??
  6. ??
  7. ???
  8. ???

Exercise 2: "?????” (Ka, ki, ku, ke, ko)

VERY IMPORTANT: "Ka, ki, ku, ke, ko" can also be pronounced as "Ga, gi, gu, ge, go". It looks like this instead: ?????.

Write down the following words:

  1. kau
  2. kai
  3. kigu
  4. keiko
  5. kagio
  6. keikaku
  7. kogou
  8. keki

Answers:

  1. ??
  2. ??
  3. ??
  4. ???
  5. ???
  6. ????
  7. ???
  8. ??

Exercise 3: "?????” (sa, shi, su, se, so)

VERY IMPORTANT:"sa, shi, su, se, so" can also be pronounced as "za, ji, zu, ze, zo". It looks like this instead: ?????.

Write down the following words:

  1. sa
  2. sushi
  3. shikaku
  4. kaji
  5. zeikaku
  6. kokouzoi
  7. sekai
  8. kaza

Answers:

  1. ?
  2. ??
  3. ???
  4. ??
  5. ????
  6. ?????
  7. ???
  8. ??

Exercise 4: "?????” (ta, chi, tsu, te, to)

VERY IMPORTANT: "ta, chi, tsu, te, to" can also be pronounced as "da, di, du, de, do". It looks like this instead: ?????.

 

Write down the following words:

  1. taichi
  2. kotsui
  3. todaii
  4. todeki
  5. sadeki
  6. sotei
  7. chidou
  8. chitsu

Answers:

  1. ???
  2. ???
  3. ????
  4. ???
  5. ???
  6. ???
  7. ???
  8. ??

Exercise 5: "?????" (na, ni, nu, ne, no)

Write down the following words:

  1. nani
  2. note
  3. nusu
  4. soneii
  5. tachina
  6. atanaka
  7. kinikonu
  8. nataite

Answers:

  1. ??
  2. ??
  3. ??
  4. ????
  5. ???
  6. ????
  7. ????
  8. ????

Exercise 6: "?????" (ha, hi, hu, he, ho)

VERY IMPORTANT: "ha, hi, hu, he, ho" can also be pronounced as "ba, bi, bu, be, bo". It looks like this instead: ?????.

"ha, hi, hu, he, ho" can also be pronounced as "pa, pi, pu, pe, po". It looks like this instead: ?????. (If you can't see it, the little marks at the end of each letter are tiny circles).

Write down the following words:

  1. huhe
  2. hoki
  3. hiteki
  4. hisashi
  5. bakota
  6. hokaite
  7. bosukatsu
  8. hikeseikau
  9. papa
  10. pibi

Answers:

  1. ??
  2. ??
  3. ???
  4. ???
  5. ???
  6. ????
  7. ????
  8. ??????
  9. ??
  10. ??

Exercise 7: "?????" (ma, mi, mu, me, mo)

Write down the following words:

  1. mochi
  2. komau
  3. memoii
  4. misu
  5. sometaii
  6. musaki
  7. mutsukashi
  8. mamikumu

Answers:

  1. ??
  2. ???
  3. ????
  4. ??
  5. ?????
  6. ???
  7. ????
  8. ????

We're almost done! Just got a few more to go. Hang in there! ?(?∇?)?

Exercise 8: "???" (ya, yu, yo)

VERY IMPORTANT: "ya, yu, yo" can be combined with other letters to create new ones. For example, "Kyu" would be ??, "Cho" would be ??, and "Ja" would be ??. The only difference is that ya, yu, or yo is half the size of the letter before it.

Write down the following sentences:

  1. yasashii
  2. hoyusaii
  3. ukeniyoki
  4. yayoka
  5. sayoitsu
  6. nakayoku
  7. itsumoyo
  8. yotsukataika
  9. kyumi
  10. chokaku
  11. japagi
  12. apumi

Answers:

  1. ????
  2. ?????
  3. ?????
  4. ???
  5. ????
  6. ????
  7. ????
  8. ??????
  9. ???
  10. ????
  11. ????
  12. ???

Exercise 9: "?????" (ra, ri, ru, re, ro)

Write down the following words:

  1. raisu
  2. riku
  3. rosarei
  4. rukia
  5. rekoroshi
  6. rakiri
  7. tachinikara
  8. mochiroshi

Answers:

  1. ???
  2. ??
  3. ????
  4. ???
  5. ????
  6. ???
  7. ?????
  8. ????

Just two more sets of letters to learn! We're almost there! ??´∀??

Exercise 10: "???" (wa, wo)

VERY IMPORTANT: ”?” (wo) is always used as a particle, meaning it's a letter that is used as a connector to weave a sentence together. It's akin to English's use of words like "and" and "or", although it means to describe a subject. For this case, ? is ALWAYS pronounced as "o". Be sure not to mix it with "?" (o).

In addition, "?" (wa) is not a particle, but sometimes "?" (ha) is, but they are both pronounced as "wa". It all depends on the sentence and how each letter is used.

Write down the following words:

  1. watashi
  2. o murasaki
  3. kuruma o 
  4. kawaii
  5. wakiki
  6. o sekai
  7. o kirai
  8. o kirei

Answers:

  1. ???
  2. ??????
  3. ?????
  4. ????
  5. ???
  6. ?????
  7. ?????
  8. ?????

Exercise 11: "?" (n)

Write down the following words:

  1. hontou
  2. wanton
  3. minki
  4. hanko
  5. minchi
  6. tenkai
  7. antonni
  8. nihongo

Answers:

  1. ????
  2. ????
  3. ???
  4. ???
  5. ???
  6. ????
  7. ?????
  8. ????

CONGRATULATIONS! You learned all the letters.

FINAL EXERCISE: Exercise 12: Sentences

Below are actual sentences in the Japanese language (unlike the gibberish words above). Let's see if you can actually write them now.

  1. Watashi no neko wa shiroi desu. TRANSLATION: My cat is white.
  2. Kimikosan wa, doushitandesuka? TRANSLATION: Kimiko, what's wrong?
  3. Hajimemashite dozoyoroshiku. Watashi no namae ha Takeshi desu. TRANSLATION: Nice to meet you. My name is Takeshi. 
  4. Aa, nanimo wakaranai. TRANSLATION: Ah, I didn't understand anything.
  5. Susan, ima nanji desuka? TRANSLATION: Susan, what time is it now?

Answers:

  1. ?????????????
  2. ???????????????
  3. ???????????????????????????
  4. ???????????
  5. ?????????????

Did you get them all right? If not, feel free to go over any exercises. 

Remember: the key to learning any language is practice, practice, practice. If you want, watch a Japanese show or cartoon and try to write down everything you hear. That's how I learned Hiragana, and I have never forgotten it.

Good luck!

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Comments (1)
Ranked #17 in Linguistics

So when you add an additional vowel to a word, you use the column that just has the dash? It looks like the N is the only consonant that may be used without a vowel. So Kimikosan would be 5 characters, correct? Ki-mi-ko-sa-n Is that correct? Very interesting. I have always heard that Japanese is not that difficult. Is Hirigana the name of the language or just the name of the writing?

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